I am an amateur tennis player and have growing interest in becoming a tennis official. I am currently going through "ITF Rules of Tennis" as downloaded from
There are some points I'd like to discuss/get help with. Hope you can share your thoughts with me. This post is lengthy so please bear with me.
1. On page 4 "If a ball gets broken during play, the point shall be replayed.", my understanding is that if a tennis ball in the middle of a rally, say gets broken for example splitted into two halves, then this point must be replayed. What about at the end of a point a player complains the ball was broken say the surface was ripped off etc., in this case should the point be replayed?
2. On page 4 "Case 1" under "The Racket", what does "more than one set of strings" mean? As for my understanding, many players use two different types of strings for horizontal and vertical strings. Is this not allowed?
3. On page 4 "Case 3" under "The Racket". "these devices may only be placed outside the pattern of the crossed strings", where exactly are dampers allowed to be placed on?
4. On page 5 "Case 6" under "The Racket", I am aware some players (Nadal) use smart rackets (eg. Babolat Play). Surely these rackets must have some sort of power/battery otherwise they wouldn't be able to detect and store playing information. Are these rackets allowed in matches?
5. On Page 7 "Order of Receiving in Doubles", in a best of 3 match, may receivers change ad/deuce sides at the beginning of a new set?
6. Similarly in a best of 3 match, let's say Team AC in the first set's serving order was ACA and they broke the opponents' service game to win the first set. Now for the second set, supposedly it's C's turn to serve, can they switch to A's turn to serve first?
7. On Page 8 "Service Fault", if a player tosses the ball up and takes a full swing and hits nothing but air, the ball lands on the ground. Is this a fault (the ball was not touched in the whole serving motion)?
8. On Page 8 "Case 1", "A player, who tosses the ball and then decides not to hit it, is allowed to catch the ball with the hand or the racket, or to let the ball bounce". Caught the ball with the racket - Why was this not a fault?
9. Singles sticks are defined as NOT permanent fixtures but they get treated differently. If you hit a singles stick on your serve, it's a fault. But if you hit it during a rally and your ball lands on the correct court, it's a good return. Why?
10. Extreme scenario: In 2016 Miami Open, Troicki jumped over the net and hit an unreturned shot against Goffin but lost the point because he landed on the opponent's court. Let's say Troicki hit Goffin before he landed on the opponent's court, would he win the point?
11. Following on 10, if Troicki hit an unreturned shot and landed in the alley, i.e. between singles and doubles sideline, would he win the point?
12. On Page 11 "A Good Return", point d "The ball passes under the net cord between the singles stick and the adjacent net post without touching either net, net cord or net post and hits the ground in the correct court, or". So this applies to both singles and doubles matches? The ball may pass under the cord?
13. On page 12 Case 5, "Case 5: In doubles, where are the server’s partner and receiver’s partner allowed to
Decision: The server’s partner and the receiver’s partner may take any position on
their own side of the net, inside or outside the court. However, if a player is creating
a hindrance to the opponent(s), the hindrance rule should be used."
As a receiver's partner, can he/she stand close to or even inside the service box?
14. On page 12 point c under "Correcting Errors", "If a player serves out of turn during a standard game, the player who was
originally due to serve shall serve as soon as the error is discovered. However,
if a game is completed before the error is discovered the order of service shall
remain as altered. In this case, any ball change to be made after an agreed
number of games should be made one game later than originally scheduled."
What's the reasoning of delaying the ball change one game later?
15. On Page 13 point f, "If in error a tie-break game is started at 6 games all, when it was previously
agreed that the set would be an “Advantage set”, the error shall be corrected
immediately if only one point has been played." Corrected means the first point played simply gets discounted?
16.On Page 13 point h, " the set will continue either until a
player or team wins three games (and therefore the set) or until the score
reaches 2 games all, when a match tie-break shall be played." Does this mean in this error situation, the final set becomes shortened to a 3-game format?
17. On Page 14 Case 2 under "Coaching", "Case 2: Is a player allowed to receive coaching when play is suspended?
Decision: Yes." Can a player receive coaching during the opponent's medical timeout period？
Many thanks for any help!